Sachidananda Routray

Sachidananda Routray

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Category: Literature

Sachidananda Routray Profile

  • Name:
  • Sachidananda Routray
  • Born:
  • May 13, 1916
  • Died:
  • August 21, 2004

Sachidananda Routray Biography

Sachidananda Routray was a poet, novelist, short-story writer of Oriya language. He was the second writer from Oriya language to win Jnanpith award, following Gopinath Mohanty. He received India’s highest honour of literary work in the year 1986 for his significant contributions to Oriya as well as Indian literature. He was popularly known as Sachi Routray. He was a poet of the masses, a rebel and romantic. Apart from Jnanpith, he has also received Padmashri in 1962, Sahitya Akademi Award in 1963 for the poetry Kabita-1962 and Soviet Land Nehru Award in 1965. In his opinion, poetry was a picture of man's life experiences. He was married to a Telugu princess from the royal family of Golapalli.


Sachi Routray was born on 13 May 1916 in Gurujang near Khordha. He was brought up and educated in Bengal. He was expelled from his school because he wrote a poem against British rule. And that’s the reason why his studies took place in Kolkata. In his poem, "My Little village" you can get the real nostalgic feeling of the author and how he feels about his village. Even after expelling from school, he stood against British idols and was involved in revolutionary activities as well as students' agitation and farmers’ uprising. He was once arrested by British and send to jail. During World War Second, two volumes of his revolutionary poetry collections were banned by British.


He reached Kolkata and served as the Labour Officer at Keshoram Cotton Mill. He left Kolkata in the year 1962. His first popular poem was ‘Baji Rout’ published in the year 1943. Other noted works are Pallishri, dealing with village life in Orissa and Pratima Nayak that portrays the suffering and the predicament of a city girl. His novel Chitragriba is perhaps the first anti-novel in Oriya literature. His short story "Masani ra Phula" is considered a classic. Sachi was grouped under 'poets of the people' category.

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Updated: November 22, 2013

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