About Gujarat

About Gujarat

Located on the western region of the Indian Republic, Gujarat shares its borders with three states – Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan - the Arabian Sea, and an international border with the Sind province of Pakistan. Gujarat is just over 203 thousand square kilometers in area. It also hosts Lothal and Dholavira – the sites of ancient Indus Valley Civilization, Lothal being believed to be the world’s first port.

The Father of the Nation – Mahatma Gandhi, Bapuji – was from Gujarat, and so was the Iron Man of India Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The founding father of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah hailed from a Gujarati Muslim Family.

Geography & Climate

Three major and important mountain ranges – Vindhya, Aravali, and the Satpura ranges adorn the eastern part of Gujarat. Gujarat’s main rivers are Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, Mahi, etc. Narmada is the longest river of the peninsular India, measuring over 1300 km in length and one of the three rives of the country that run from east to west, Tapi and Mahi being the other two.

Gujarat experiences a varied climate due to its diverse geographical relief. The summers are scorching hot and dry at 41 degrees centigrade while at the night time the mercury dropping as low as 29 degrees. The winters are, on the other hand, are pleasant, mild and dry with daytime temperatures hovering around 25 -28 degrees, but at night time it can drop to 12 degrees centigrade.


Population & Religious demography

Gujarat is a religiously diverse state. The Zoroastrians (or the Paris – hailing from Persia or Iran to safeguard their tradition) first landed on the coast of Gujarat and spread across India. Majority of the population of the Gujarat is Hindu and they worship Lord Krishna thus calling themselves Vaishnavas.  Islam is the largest minority religion in the state.



Gujarat is the one of the industrious states of the nation. The world’s largest and grass-root oil refinery is at Jamnagar. It has country’s only ship breaking yard at Alang. Gujarat is a major hub for Chemical and Petroleum industry.  It also is the major hub of semiprecious gems at Surat.  It has India’s only state wide gas grid. Gujarat is a major producer of Sugarcane, groundnuts, cotton, dates, etc. Operation White Flood was initiated in Anand Gujarat and still runs on the guidelines laid down.



The 182 member Legislative Assembly represents the 182 constituencies that form the administrative sections of the state. The Assembly elects the speaker to conduct its day-to-day proceedings. The administrative control of the state lies in the hands of the Chief Minister, leader of the majority party or a coalition.

Article Posted By : savilView All Articles

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gujrat , ahmedabad


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