All Details About Hyderabad

You will get all details about Hyderabad in this article starting from its history to tourist information and from details about its climatic conditions to economy, lifestyle and culture. Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and the fifth largest city in India. It spreads over 650 square kilometers and has a population of about 14.5 million people that it is the fourth most populous city in India. It is situated on the banks of the River Musi. The Hyderabad and the Secunderabad are called as the twin cities. The people of Hyderabad speak Telugu and Urdu. The Telugu film industry has its base here. The city could be divided into old city and new city and each one of them has its own attractions.


Historical Details About Hyderabad


It is said that in 1589 the king Mohamed Quli Qutub Shah founded this city as Bhagyanagar to show his love for Bhagmathi. She was later called as Hyder Mahal and the city was named after her as Hyderabad. Chalukya dynasty ruled over this place from 731 to 966 AD and Kakatiya dynasty ruled over from 1000 Ad to 1310 AD. Then it went into the hands of Mughals and various dynasties that followed were Khilji dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Qutb Shahi dynasty and Asaf Jahi dynasty. Charminar, Purana Pul and Mecca Masjid were built during the rule of Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah.


The Asif Jahi Nizams or Nizams of Hyderabad ruled over the place and the last Nizam was Mir Osman Ali Khan. He is one of the richest men in the world. Many educational institutions, hospitals and madrasahs were established during the rule of Nizams. Also the big reservoirs like Osman Sagar, Himayat Sagar and Nizam Sagar were built during this time. Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to stay independent after the Indian independence. However Operation Polo was conducted and the Indian army attached Hyderabad on 13th September 1948 and on 17th September 1948 the state was annexed with Indian union and the Nizam was made as the Princely Governor of the Hyderabad state. On 1st November 1956 the state was reorganized and split into three parts based on the linguistic lines and the city of Hyderabad was made as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.


Climate and Geography


Hyderabad has a tropical wet and dry climate. The temperature ranges from 42 degree centigrade in summer to as low as 12 degree centigrade in winter. Moderate climate exists from November to February and in April and May the climate exceeds 104 degree Fahrenheit. The city is located at an elevation of 536 meters above mean sea level. The old city is situated in the banks of the River Musi and the new city is located in the northern river banks and they are connected by the ancient bridge Purana Pul.


Economy of Hyderabad


Tourism is one of the important industries that contribute to the economy of Hyderabad. The GDP of the city is $60 billion which is the sixth highest in India and ninety third in the world. Nearly 12% of the total IT exports of the country is from Hyderabad. The important IT companies located here are IBM, Dell, Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Satyam, Microsoft, Oracle, etc.


Hyderabad is called as the city of pearls and the city of bangles. The gemstone industry is the traditional industry here. Also it serves as the pharmaceutical capital of India with a total pharmaceutical product export of $3.1 billion. Other Hyderabad based companies are Accenture, Motorola, Mahindra, General Electric, Cisco, Broadridge, Indel, AT & T Inc., etc. The multinational companies are set up in the areas like Uppal, Gachibovli, Madhapur and Kondapur regions.


Educational Details About Hyderabad


The CBSE board, SSC board and the ICSE board are the three educational boards under which the schools are operated. The medium of instruction is either English or Hindi or Urdu or Telugu. 10+2+3/4 education system exists here. The six universities of Hyderabad are Osmania University, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, A. P. Agriculture University, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad Central University and Potti Sri Ramulu Telugu University.


Some of the famous colleges and educational institutions located in and around Hyderabad are International Institute of Information Technology, Gandhi Medical College, Indian School of Business, National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, CVR College of Engineering, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages, etc.


Some of the research institutes are Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Centre for DNA Finger printing and Diagnostics, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Immunological Limited, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics, Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research, etc.


Culture of People Living in Hyderabad


There exists cosmopolitan culture and a blend of northern and southern culture in Hyderabad. 55.40% of people living here are Hindus, 41.17% of people are Muslims and 2.13% of people are Christians, 0.2% of the people are Sikhs and 0.4% of the people are Jains. The official languages of the people are Telugu and Urdu though other languages like Marathi, Bengali, Kannada and Tamil are also spoken by minority population. English is commonly spoken by many people.


As Hyderabad is situated at the meeting point of North India and South India you can see a blend of both these cultures in this place. The traditional dresses of the people are sari, salwar kamees, kurtha, paijama, sherwani, dupatta and other such clothing. The festivals celebrated here are Bonalu, Ramzan, Bakrid and Ganesh Chaturthi.


Hyderabadi cuisine is very famous for its addition of spices. The Hyderabadi biriyani and other native foods like Nahari, Kulche, khubani ka meetha, falooda, Irani Chai, Gosht, and Chakna are a blend of Mughal and Indian culture. The place is known for its artworks like beautiful bangles, pearl jewelry, nirmal, kalamkari paintings, bidriware, stone bangles, handwoven silk dresses, etc. The art theatres are Ravindra Bhaati, Shilpakala Vedika and Lalithakala Thoranam.


The important newspapers and magazines published in the city are The Deccan Times, The Times of India, The Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu, Eenadu, Sakshi, Andhra Jyothy, The Munsif Daily, Etemaad, The Siasat, etc. There are various film studios that assist in film direction like Ramoji film city, Ramakrisha Studios, Annapurna Studios, Sarathi Studios, etc. These reflect the culture and lifestyle of the people.


Transport Details About Hyderabad


Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is located at a distance of 22 km from the main city. Formerly there was an airport in Begumpet and it is closed at present. Almost all the main airlines like AirAsia, Air India, British Airways, Emirates, Kuwait Airlines, Gulf Air, Oman Air, Qatar Airways, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Lufthansa and Malaysia Airlines, etc. are operating services to and from Hyderabad Airport.


There are three major railway stations located in the places like Secunderabad, Hyderabad and Kachigude and a small railway station at Begumpet. Many trains have their starting point at Hyderabad railway station. There are local trains called as MMTS to get around the city. If you want to take buses to go out of the city you have to reach the Jubilee Bus Station in Secunderabad or MGBS or Imliban in Hyderabad. There are many private bus services like Kesineni Travels, VRL Travels, Dhanunjaya Travels, Sindhu Travels, Kaleswari Travels and SVR Travels operating bus services.


The local buses are run by APSRTC and the bus terminal is situated at Imlibun called Mahatma Gandhi Bus Terminus. You also have auto rickshaw, taxi and car to get around the city.


Infrastructure of Hyderabad


Some of the areas of Hyderabad are Begumpet, Cyberabad Hi Tech City, Yusufguda, Mushirabad, Malkaj Giri, Safilguda, Ammaguda, Yellereddiguda, Mehdipatnam, Bahadurguda, Dilsukh Nagar, Afzalgunj, Tadbund, Bavel, Vikarabad, etc.


Some of the hospitals in Hyderabad are Apollo Hospital, CARE Hospital, Medwin Hospital, Owaisi Hospital, Yashoda Hospital, Rainbow Hospital for Women and Children, Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Winning Smiles Dental Hospital, Mediciti Hospital, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Gandhi General Hospital, Osmania General Hospital, Niloufer Hospital, etc.


Some of the hotels and lodges in the city are Ananthagiri, Haritha Hotel Vijay Vihar, ITC Hotel The Kakatiya, Taj Banjara, Taj Krishna, Taj Deccan, Hyderabad Marriott Hotel, Hotel Ista, Ellaa Compass Suites, Katriya Hotel and Towers, Hotel Sitara, The Golconda, The Manohar, Hotel Green Park, Amrutha Castle, Urvasy Residency, Mandava Suites, Kamat Lingapur Hotel, Hotel Karan, Hotel Rukmini Riviera, etc.


The temples in Hyderabad are Birla Mandir, Balaji Temple, Sanghi Temple, Karmanghat Hanuman Temple, Iskon Temple, Mahankali Temple, Ujjaini Mahankali Temple, Peddamma Temple, Ashtalakshmi Temple, etc. Some of the mosques and churches here are Mecca Masjid, Charminar Masjid, Toli Masjid, Kama Masjid Darushafa, Badshai Masjid and Jama Masjid Mushirabad and St. Joseph’s Cathedral.


The bazaars of Hyderabad are Laad Bazaar, Madina Market Bazaar, Gulzar House, Begum Bazaar, Sultan Bazaar, General Bazaar, Monda Market and Feel Khana Khadim. If you want to purchase handicrafts you must go to Lepakshi, Kalanjali, Bidri Crafts, Vishwakarmarts Gallery or Shilparamam. The famous jewelry shops in Hyderabad are Pearls of Hyderabad, Mohal Jewels, Ghanshyamdas Jewels, Lilac Boutique, Jagdamba Pearls, C. Krishniah Chetty, Ghanshyamdas Jewels, etc.


The landline telephone services are provided by BSNL, Tata Indicom, Reliance and Airtel. The mobile phone services are offered by Cell One, Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, Reliance Com, Tata Indicom, Aircel, Uninor, Tata Docomo, Virgin Mobile and MTS.


Places of Interest in Hyderabad


The lakes in Hyderabad are Hussain Sagar Lake, Osman Sagar, Himayat Sagar, Durgam Cheruvu, Shamirpet and Saroornagar. The parks located in the city are Public Gardens, Indira Park, Sanjeeviah Park, Krishna Kanth Park, Lotus Pond, Botanical Garden, Nehru Zoological Park, KBR National Park, Chilkur Wildlife Park, Jalavihar Family Water Park, Mahaveer Vanasthali Wildlife Park, Lumbini Park, Chacha Nehru Park, Jalagam Vengal Rao Park and NTR Gardens.


Charminar: It was built in 1591 the then ruler Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah to commemorate the end of the deadly plague. It has four minarets that are 49 meters high and was built of lime and mortar.


Salarjung Museum: It houses 35 rooms and has the antique objects of the Mughal kings Aurangazeb, Shah Jahan and Tipu Sultan and other rulers.


Mecca Masjid: It is located at a little distance from Charminar and it was built in 1694 during the rule of Aurangazeb. It is said that the bricks were brought from Mecca the reason why it was named so.


Golconda Fort: It was built during the rule of Yadava dynasty and later was developed by the Qutub Shai Kings. The circumference of the fort is 7 kilometers with eight gates. Diamond market thrived here in ancient times.


Birla Mandir: It is also called as Sri Venkateshwara Temple and was built at an altitude of 280 feet on Kala Pahad. You can enjoy the breathtaking view of Hussain Sagar Lake and Lumbini Gardens from here.


Dialogue in the Dark: The exhibition and restaurant in complete darkness that you will experience walking in the park, crossing a bridge and having boat ride and eating in the café all in utter darkness. The visually impaired people are there to guide you and this will give you a memory that will last for your lifetime.


The Nizam’s Museum: It is housed in a palace Purani Haveli built 250 years ago. It has a collection of gifts given to the Nizam that include 3 vintage cars and a Rolls Royce car of 1930 and Mark V Jaguar.


Public Gardens: This is also called as Bagh E Aam and houses the state Legislative Assembly and Telugu University and many other buildings.


Birla Planetarium: If you are a fanatic of astronomy you will certainly love this planetarium and adjoining science museum.


Botanical Garden: It spreads over 120 acres and has meadows and green grasslands and houses large variety of Flora.


Lumbini Gardens: If you are taking kids with you, you should not miss this place. It is on the bank of Hussainsagar Lake. Floral Clock and musical water fountains are famous here.


NTR Gardens: It spreads over 36 acres and includes the Japanese Garden, Car Café, Tree House and children’s park.


Hussainsagar Lake: It separates the twin cities of Secunderabad and Hyderabad and has the tallest statue of Buddha in the middle. Boating facilities are available here.


Snow World: You can experience the thrill of the chill here. The temperature is maintained here at minus 50 degree centigrade and you can enjoy skating and skiing on ice here.


Other places of interest are Treasure Island, Raimonds Tomb, Paigah Tomb, Surendrapuri, Asman Ghar Palace, City College and many other religious places. These tourist places have made tourism as one of the major industries in Hyderabad.






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Suhaina Mazhar is a freelance content writer and blogger with five years experience in content writing. is her blog.

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