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Category: Literature

Yashpal Profile

  • Name:
  • Yashpal
  • Born:
  • December 3, 1903
  • Died:
  • December 26, 1976
  • Born / Home Town:
  • Delhi
  • Spouse:
  • Prakashvati Pal

Yashpal Biography

Yashpal was a noted author of Hindi literature and revolutionary freedom fighter of India. He won Sahitya Akademi Award for his novel Meri Teri Uski Baat in 1976. Jhoota Sach, Raah beeti and Dekha Socha Samjha – are other noted Hindi books of this author. Yashpal was a freedom fighter too and has been sentenced to 14 years of hard labour by British government. He was only 28 then. But he was released 6 years later. In the year 2003-2004, his birth centenary was celebrated in a grand fashion throughout the country and the most noted event, after Prem Chand’s birth centenary celebrations. In his autobiography `Simhabalokan’ published in three volumes, he has given a complete account of his association with freedom struggle and revolutionary movement.


Yashpal was born in 1903, December 3rd in a small village in Kangra hills. During his childhood days, he struggled in poverty. His mother served as a teacher in the orphanage of Ferozepur Cantonment, earning just 30 rupees a month. Yashpal passed matriculation in 1921. He was deeply influenced by revolutionary leaders like Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev in his youth and very soon, he became a Marxist. He completed his graduation from National College, Lahore. But his sole aim was to join Indian freedom struggle movement than to make his career. He was deeply influenced by Non-cooperative movement of Gandhiji also.


Following the death of Chandrasekhar Azad in 1931, he was appointed as the commander of the Hindustan Socialist Democratic Army. He was arrested in Allahabad on 23rd February, 1932. He married Prakashvati Pal, another revolutionary in August 1936 while he was spending his days at Bareilly Central Jail. With the formation of Congress Ministry, he got released two years later. His noted story collections include - Pinjare ki Udaan, Sach, Phulo Ka Kurta and Dharmayudha. Manushya Ke Roop, Dada Comrade, Amrita and Meri Teri Uski Baat are a few of his novels.

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Updated: January 23, 2014

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