Surendranath Banerjee

Surendranath Banerjee

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Category: Politics

Surendranath Banerjee Profile

  • Name:
  • Surendranath Banerjee
  • Died:
  • August 6, 1925
  • Father:
  • Durga Charan Banerjee,

Surendranath Banerjee Biography

Sir Surendranath Banerjee, from Bengal was one of the earliest Indian political leaders and social reformers during the British Raj. He founded the Indian National Association, one of the earliest Indian political organizations, and later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He is fondly known as Rashtraguru. In 1879, he founded the newspaper, The Bengalee. Numerous educational institutions have been named after this great political leader. Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College, Raiganj Surendranath Mahavidyalaya, Surendranath College and Surendranath College for Women are among those.


Banerjee was born in Kolkata on 10 November 1848. Liberal and progressive thinking by his father Dr. Durga Charan Banerjee influenced him a lot since childhood. His education was done at Parental Academic Institution and Hindu College. In 1868, he sailed to England aside Romesh Chunder Dutt and Behari Lal Gupta, to compete in the Indian Civil Service examinations. He cleared the competitive examination in 1869, but was barred owing to a dispute over his exact age. Banerjee cleared the exam again in 1871 and was posted as assistant magistrate in Sylhet. But he lost his job due to racial discrimination. He went to England to protest this decision, but was unsuccessful. During his stay in England, he happened to read the books of Edmund Burke and other liberal philosophers which guided him later to fight against British. He is also known by the name Indian Burke.


He returned to India in 1875 and joined as an English lecturer at the Metropolitan Institution, the Free Church Institution and at the Ripon College, founded by him in 1882. He founded the Indian National Association with Anandamohan Bose on 26 July 1876. In 1879, he founded the newspaper, The Bengalee. He was one of the most political figures who protested the partition of the Bengal province in 1905. Banerjee was also an important figure in the Swadeshi movement. Banerjee was a critic of the proposed method of civil disobedience of Mahatma Gandhi, thus rising as a popular political leader.

Published: N/A

Updated: January 10, 2014


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