S. P. Adithanar

S. P. Adithanar

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Category: Politics

S. P. Adithanar Profile

  • Name:
  • S. P. Adithanar
  • Other Name:
  • Si. Balasubramania Adithan
  • Born:
  • September 27, 1905
  • Died:
  • May 24, 1981
  • Father:
  • Sivanthi Adithanar Nadar
  • Mother:
  • Kanagam Ammayar
  • Spouse:
  • Govindammal

S. P. Adithanar Biography

Si. Balasubramania Adithan, also known as Si. Ba. Adithan was a lawyer, politician and founder of the Tamil daily newspaper Dina Thanthi. He is popularly known by the name, Adithanar. He was the founder of the We Tamils party and served as the member of the Madras Legislative Council twice and as the member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly for four terms. In his honour, two awards are distributed every year - S. P. Adithanar Senior Tamil Scholar Award and S. P. Adithanar Literary Prize. A road connecting Egmore to Anna Salai has been named "Adithanar Salai" in his memory. He served as the Speaker of the Assembly during 1967-68 and Tamil Nadu's minister for Cooperation in the M. Karunanidhi cabinets of 1969 and 1971.


Adithan was born on 27 September 1905 at Kayamozhi as the son of Sivanthi Adithanar Nadar and Kanagam Ammayar. His father was a lawyer. Noted industrialist and philanthropist, Shiv Nadar is Adithan’s nephew. He completed his schooling at Srivaikuntam. His degree and post graduation were done at St. Joseph's College, Trichy. Later he studied law from London and practiced from Singapore during the period 1933-1942. He married Govindammal in 1933. Adithan returned to India in 1942.


He started Tamil weekly Magazine Tamizhan and a daily newspaper Thanthi in November 1942. Dina Thanthi became a leading magazine during the time and editions in Tirunelveli, Chennai, Salem and Tiruchirapalli were started during 1940s. Dina Thanthi initiated delivering news on the same day to the people in southern districts of Tamil Nadu for the first time. Adithan started the "Tamil Rajyam" party in 1942. During 1947-52, he was a member of the Madras Legislative Council. In 1952 he won from Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party and in 1957, as an independent candidate. On 17 March 1967, Adithan became the speaker of the assembly and has also served as minister.

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Updated: January 31, 2014

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