Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

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Category: Literature

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Profile

  • Name:
  • Ramdhari Singh Dinkar
  • Born:
  • September 23, 1908
  • Died:
  • July 24, 1974
  • Father:
  • Babu Ravi Singh
  • Mother:
  • Manroop Devi

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Biography

Dinkar was a Hindi poet, essayist, patriot and academic. His contribution to the field of Hindi poetry is really huge. He was a poet of rebellion who penned many patriotic poems before Indian independence. Veer rasa is the main ingredient of his poems. He was given the honour of "RashtraKavi" as his poems have catalysed Indian freedom struggle movement a lot. His portrait was unveiled in the Central Hall of Parliament of India by the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh on his centenary year, 2008. On 23 November 2012, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee distributed Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' Sahitya Ratna Samman to 21 prominent writers and social workers. The function was organised in Rashtrapati Bhavan. Dinkar was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1972 for Urvashi. Hunkar is his epic poem published in the year 1938.


Ramdhari was born on Spetember 23, 1908 in Bihar as the son of Babu Ravi Singh and Manroop Devi. He was proficient in many languages and was deeply influenced by Rabindranath Tagore, Keats and Milton. He translated works of Rabindranath Tagore from Bengali to Hindi. His poems were revolutionary in style during initial stage, but later he supported Gandhiji’s principles of non-violence. He used to call himself a 'Bad Gandhian' as he supported indignation and revenge among the youth.


Dinkar's first published poetical work was Vijay Sandesh (1928). A few of his noted works include - Pranbhang (1929), Hunkar (epic poem) (1938), Dvandvageet (1940), Kurukshetra (1946), Saamdheni (1947), Itihas ke Aansoo (1951), Rashmirathi (1952), Neem ke Patte (1954), Suraj ka Byaah (1955), Seepee aur Shankh (1957), Naye Subhaashit (1957), Urvashi (1961), Parashuram ki Pratiksha (1963), Haare ko Harinaam (1970) and Bhagvaan Ke Daakiye(1970). His noted poem collections are Lokpriya Kavi Dinkar (1960), Dinkar ki Suktiyan (1964), Dinkar ke Geet (1973), Urvashi tatha anya shringarik kavitayen (1974) and Rashmilok (1974). He has also written numerous prose works and critics books.

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Updated: November 20, 2013


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