Ramanlal Desai

Ramanlal Desai

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Category: Literature

Ramanlal Desai Profile

  • Name:
  • Ramanlal Desai
  • Born:
  • May 12, 1892
  • Died:
  • September 20, 1954
  • Born / Home Town:
  • Sinor

Ramanlal Desai Biography

Ramanlal Desai was a Gujarati writer who lived during the period, 12 May 1892 - 20 September 1954. He was awarded Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak in 1932. Desai is well recognized as a Gujarati novelist, who published 27 novels in total. Bharelo Agni and Gramalakshmi are considered to be his magnum opus. Apsara, an essay divided in five volumes, based on the life of prostitutes was widely well-appreciated. Desai served as the president of Pragatishil Sahitya Mandal and also of the Baroda Sahitya Sabha in 1937. His son, Akshay Desai, was a renowned Indian sociologist.


Ramanlal Desai was born on 12 May 1892 in Sinor, Vadodara, Gujarat. His village is situated on the banks of Narmada river. Vasantlal and Manibai were his parents. Kalol of Panchmahal district is his ancestral place. Both his parents were religious, and his father believed in Agnosticism. His father also ran a Gujarati magazine. They owned a printing press which helped Ramanlal Desai to read books. There was one book shop nearby, from where Ramanlal used to read. He moved to Vadodara in 1902 to continue his studies. Desai’s marriage was fixed when he was only 8 years old. He got married in 1912 at the age of 20.


After completing Master of Arts in 1916 with English and Gujarati literature, he took teaching as his profession. He was later appointed as head clerk in the Baroda State and he was associated with the same bank till his retirement. During his studies at Vadodara, he published a poem titled Shu Karu? in the college magazine. the poetry collection Niharika was his first published book. His play Samyukta was staged at Gujarati Sahitya Parishad held at Surat in 1915.

Published: January 10, 2019

Updated: January 10, 2019


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