Mrinal Sen

Mrinal Sen

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Category: Cinema

Mrinal Sen Profile

  • Name:
  • Mrinal Sen
  • Born:
  • May 14, 1923

Mrinal Sen Biography

Mrinal Sen is a renowned film maker from Bengal. He is often considered to be one of the greatest ambassadors of Indian parallel cinema on the global stage. He shares equal credits with Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak. But his works are most concentrated on its artistic depiction of social reality. These three leading directors of Indian parallel cinema have competed over one another, yet were ardent admirers of each other's work. His works often earned him the reputation as a Marxist artist. His films often symbolize and place Kolkata as a character.


Mrinal Sen was born on 14 May 1923, in Faridpur, now in Bangladesh in a Hindu family. He took Bachelor of Physics degree from Scottish Church College and completed his PG from University of Calcutta. While at college, he got involved with the cultural wing of Communist Party of India and socialist Indian People's Theatre Association. It was his first step to art and cinema. He became interested in cinema, but circumstances forced him to take up the job of a medical representative. But he returned back to film world and started as an audio technician in a Calcutta film studio, which launched his film career.


Mrinal Sen made his first feature film, Raat Bhore, in 1955 with Uttam Kumar as hero. His next film, Neel Akasher Neechey earned him local recognition and his third film, Baishey Shravan gave him international exposure. He made a film with a shoe-string budget provided by the Government of India, Bhuvan Shome. It was a milestone movie of his career and gave him both National and International appreciation. This movie is regarded as the initiative of "New Cinema" film movement in India.


He won national awards for the first time in 1961. He won it for best feature film in Bengali – Punascha. He has won best director award four times - Bhuvan Shome in 1969, Ek Din Pratidin in 1979, Akaler Sandhane in 1980 and Khandhar in 1984. He won best screenplay awards three times for the movies – Padatik, Akaler Sandhane and Kharij. In 1976 Mrigaya won him best film critics’ award. His movies have won numerous international awards as well – including Moscow International Film Festival - Silver Prize, Berlin International Film Festival, Cannes Film Festival - Jury Prize and Chicago International Film Festival - Gold Hugo.

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Updated: April 26, 2014

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