Maithili Sharan Gupt

Maithili Sharan Gupt

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Category: Literature

Maithili Sharan Gupt Profile

  • Name:
  • Maithili Sharan Gupt
  • Born:
  • August 3, 1886
  • Died:
  • December 12, 1964
  • Father:
  • Seth Ramcharan Gupta
  • Mother:
  • Kashibai

Maithili Sharan Gupt Biography

Maithili Sharan Gupt was one of the greatest Hindi poets of 20th century. He is considered one among the pioneers of Khari Boli poetry. He wrote in this Hindi dialect at a time when Braj Bhasha was most popular in use in Hindi poetry. Apart from poems, he has also written a few drama works like – Chandrahaas, Anagh, Tilottama and Vijaya parwa. His nationalist poems became popular among Indians at a time when India was fighting for freedom against British. His works revolve around Hindi epics as well as story of great leaders and a few from Buddhism.


He was born in Chirgaon, Jhansi on August 3, 1886 as the son of Seth Ramcharan Gupta anf Kashibai. As a child, Gupt was not interested in school studies and for the same reason his father arranged his class at home where he was taught Sanskrit, English and Bengali under Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi. He got married at a younger age of 11 or 12. He started writing for magazines. ‘Saraswati’ was one of the magazines where he started writing first. In 1910, his first major work, Rang mein Bhang was published by Indian Press. With Bharat Bharati, his poems became popular as they were filled with patriotism.


His famous works, Yashodhara revolves around Yashodhara, the wife of Gautama Buddha and Saket about Urmila, Lekshman’s wife. He has also translated Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam and Kalidasa’s Swapnavaasavdatta to Hindi. His patriotic themes easily attracted youth in those days. After Indian independence, he was made an honorary member of the Rajya Sabha, and he remained in that post till his death in 1965. He used to express his views in the form of poetry in Parliament. Major works of Gupt include - Rang mein Bhang, Jayabharat, Gurukul, Arjan Aur Visarjan, Kunal, Jayadrath Vadh, Siddharaj, Dwapar, Jahush, Kaaba-Karbala and Plassey ka Yuddha.

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Updated: January 26, 2014


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