M. S. Golwalkar

M. S. Golwalkar

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Category: Social Work

M. S. Golwalkar Profile

  • Name:
  • M. S. Golwalkar
  • Born:
  • February 19, 1906
  • Died:
  • June 5, 1973
  • Father:
  • Sadashivrao
  • Mother:
  • Lakshmibai

M. S. Golwalkar Biography

M. S. Golwalkar was the second "Sarsanghchalak" (Supreme chief) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization of India. He was popularly known as Pujaniya Guruji. He was born on 19 February 1906 in Ramtek, Maharashtra and died in Nagpur on 5 June 1973.


He was the only surviving son of the nine children of his parents - Sadashivrao, a school teacher and Lakshmibai. Due to frequent transfers of his father, his education was completed at several places. He graduated in Science from the Hislop college of Nagpur in 1926. While he joined the famous Benaras Hindu University of Varanas for Master’s program, he was drawn towards Pt.Madan Mohan Malaviya, a reputed nationalist leader and the founder of the University. He completed post-graduation in 1928 and went to Chennai to pursue Ph.D. in Marine Life. But he didn’t complete it. Later he entered teaching profession and became popular among his students. He was affectionately called Guruji by his students. After his tenure, he returned to him hometown. He completed LLB also.  


In Nagpur, Golwalkar came into contact with the Ramakrishna Mission. Very soon, he converted to a saint. He became a disciple of Swami Akhandananda, a direct disciple of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. But his Guru refused to permit him to become a Sanyasi and directed him to continue his social service. He returned to Nagpur after the passing away of his Guru in 1937. When RSS was started in Varanasi, Golwalkar joined the organization and went to the RSS' "Officers Training Camp" in Nagpur. Dr. Hedgewar was deeply impressed by Golwalkar and saw his successor in Golwalkar. He prompted Golwalkar to be more active in the organization. When Dr. Hedgewar died on 21 June 1940, Golwalkar succeeded him as Sarsanghachalak as per the wishes of Dr. Hedgewar. His wish was written in a paper that was told to be opened only after his death!  

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Updated: January 16, 2014

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