K. Damodaran (marxist)

K. Damodaran (marxist)

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Category: Politics

K. Damodaran (marxist) Profile

  • Name:
  • K. Damodaran (marxist)
  • Born:
  • February 25, 1912
  • Died:
  • July 3, 1976
  • Father:
  • Kizhakkinedath Thuppan Nampoothiri
  • Mother:
  • Keezhedathu Narayani Amma

K. Damodaran (marxist) Biography

K. Damodaran was one of the founder leaders of the Communist Party in Kerala. He was the first Malayali Communist. He was a Marxist theoretician and writer who has published numerous books on Communist party. ‘Indiyude Atmavu’ (Soul of India) and 'Bharatheeya Chintha' are regarded as his best books and he has also translated many Russian works to Malayalam. He became a member of parliament in the year 1964. During his lifetime he has also visited many communist countries. He has also served as the editor of Navayugam weekly.


Damodaran was born on February 25, 1912 in Ponnani of Malappuram district. His parents were Kizhakkinedath Thuppan Nampoothiri and Keezhedathu Narayani Amma. He had his schooling in Government School, Tirur, and college education in Samoothiri College, Kozhikode. While at college, he has been a part of 'Kerala Students Movement' which participated in freedom struggle movement. He was arrested in 1931 for participating in the civil disobedience movement. He spent 23 months in Coimbatore jail and during this time, he learnt Hindi and Tamil. He passed exams in Sanskrit from Viswa Vidyalaya at Kasi in the year 1935. It was during his stay at UP that he got attracted to communist ideologies through his senior, Onkar Nadashasthri. Thus he became the first Malayali communist. He also learnt Bengali and Urdu during this period. Lal Bahadur Shastri was his classmate.


In 1937, he returned to Kerala and joined Kerala Socialist Party and in May the same year formed the Kerala unit of the Communist Party. He was successful in organizing Coir and Beedi workers of Kerala, the working people. He became the KPCC General Secretary in 1940. He has been arrested twice and released in 1945. He became the Taluk secretary of the Malabar unit committee of Communist party in 1951 and has also contested in elections thrice. He was the first progressive writer in Malayalam and 'Pattabakki' was the first political drama to be staged in Kerala, a milestone achievement of communist party in Kerala.

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Updated: January 29, 2014


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