Jigar Moradabadi

Jigar Moradabadi

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Category: Literature

Jigar Moradabadi Profile

  • Name:
  • Jigar Moradabadi
  • Born:
  • April 6, 1890
  • Died:
  • September 9, 1960
  • Profession / Known For:
  • Poet

Jigar Moradabadi Biography

Jigar Moradabadi is the pen name of Ali Sikandar (1890–1960). He has been one of the most celebrated Urdu poets of 20th century. His highly acclaimed poetry collection "Atish-i-Gul" earned him Sahitya Akademi Award in 1958. He is often regarded as master craftsman in his field. He was a popular ghazal writer. Jigar was a mentor to Majrooh Sultanpuri who became a prominent lyricist of Hindi film industry as well as a noted Urdu poet.


Jigar Moradabadi was born on April 6, 1890 in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh. He lost his father at a younger age and hence had a hard childhood. He learnt Arabic and Persian from Islam school – Madrassa. Rasa Rampuri was his teacher in poetry while at school. He didn’t have any formal education. During his teens, Jigar moved from Moradabad to Gonda which proved to be the turning point of his life. During this time he came close to Asghar Gondvi who became a poet later. Asghar Gondvi influenced him a lot and played a significant role in the literal life of Jigar. Though Asghar Gondvi was only 6 years older to Jigar, he acted as his guardian, teacher, friend and mentor. Jigar later married Asghar Gondvi’s wife’s sister. Jigar became a native of Gonda and became immensely popular as a poet in Gonda circle.


Jigar became most popular with his poems of ghazals and his ghazals belong to the classical school of writing. He became immensely popular among common people and fondly called by the name, People's Poet. Even after his death on September 9, 1960 in Gonda his ghazals gained popularity due to their lyrical value. Jigar was only the second poet in the history of Aligarh Muslim University to be awarded an honorary D.Litt.

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Updated: March 27, 2014

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