Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru

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Category: Politics

Jawaharlal Nehru Profile

  • Name:
  • Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Born:
  • November 14, 1889
  • Died:
  • May 27, 1964
  • Father:
  • Motilal Nehru
  • Mother:
  • Swaroop Rani
  • Spouse:
  • Kamala Nehru
  • Education:
  • Trinity College, Cambridge

  • Awards:
  • Bharat Ratna (1955)

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first and longest serving Prime Minister of India who served as the prime minister from 1947 to 1964 from the time of independence of India till his death. He was elected by the Indian National Congress to assume office and was re-elected after the general election in 1952. He was a freedom fighter and one of the founders of Non-Alignment movement.


He was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad. His parents were Motilal Nehru and Sorubarani. He received his education in Harrow and Trinity College in Cambridge. His father was a wealthy barrister. He married Kamala Kaul on 7th February 1916. She was only sixteen years old at that time. They have one daughter Indira Priyadarshini who became Prime Minister of India later on.


He was a charismatic leader who advocated Fabian Socialism. When India got its independence, he raised the flag in New Delhi on 15th August 1947. He had to face opposition from Muslim League of Mohamed Ali Jinnah to separate Pakistan from India during the times of interim government. He created the Planning Commission of India and drew up the first Five Year Plan in 1951.


He also made many educational and social reforms and started many institutions such as All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Management, Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Technology, etc. He followed the policy of pacifism. He commissioned the study of effects of nuclear explosions on human beings.


His five principles of peaceful coexistence are called as Pancha Sila. When his daughter Indira was elected as Congress President in 1959, he was criticized for nepotism. In 1962 elections he could gain victory again but with diminished majority. He authorized the Indian Army in the liberation of Goa in 1961 from Portuguese. He played a major role in shaping the government and political culture of modern India.


He spent many years in prison during Indian freedom struggle. He loved roses and children. His birthday, 14th November is celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He wrote three books, his autobiography, History of India and Glimpses of World History. He received Bharat Ratna Award in 1955. He died on 27th May 1964. His residence is converted into Nehru Memorial Museum and Library. 


Jawaharlal Nehru was a well-known atheist.

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Updated: June 13, 2018

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