Hirabai Barodekar

Hirabai Barodekar

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Category: Music

Hirabai Barodekar Profile

  • Name:
  • Hirabai Barodekar
  • Born:
  • May 30, 1905
  • Died:
  • November 20, 1989
  • Father:
  • Ustad Abdul Karim Khan
  • Mother:
  • Tarabai Mane

Hirabai Barodekar Biography

Hirabai Barodekar was a famous vocalist of Hindustani music who sang in Kirana Gharana. Hirabai was born as Champakali to Kirana Gharana master Ustad Abdul Karim Khan and Tarabai Mane from royal family. Her siblings - Sureshbabu Mane and Saraswati Rane are other two well established vocalists of Kirana Gharana. When his parents got separated in 1922, his mother renamed all the kids and gave her the name, Hirabai. She along with her younger sister, Saraswati Rane together has performed in many music concerts and these sisters were the first to introduce female jugalbandi in Hindustani classical music.

 

Similar to her younger sister, she too received initial training from her brother, Sureshbabu. Later she was trained by her brother’s guru, Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan, cousin of her father. As her parents were separated, she along with her siblings couldn’t get much training from her father. She had 4 siblings of whom, Sureshbabu Mane and Saraswati Rane became popular later. Hirabai Badodekar was top most artist of her time and was an expert of tumri, Khyal, Bhajan and Marathi natya sangeet. Among the music doyens who popularized Hindustani music among masses, Hirabai holds a special position. She was the first female artist who introduced ticketed concerts in India. Her shows were immensely popular.

 

She also started a music school, "Nutan Sangeet Vidyālaya", to teach music to girls and it has staged many dramas. She has also acted in a few movies like "Pratibha", "Suvarna Mandir", "Janabai", and "Municipality". She received the honour to sing Vandematharam at red Fort on August 15, 1947. As a recording artist, she was titled as "Gaanhira". She received Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1955) and the Padma Bhushan Award (1970). Famous vocalist Dr Prabha Atre was her disciple. Atre was a disciple of her brother, Suresh babu too.

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Updated: February 20, 2014

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