Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Khorana

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Category: Science

Har Gobind Khorana Profile

  • Name:
  • Har Gobind Khorana
  • Born:
  • January 9, 1922
  • Education:
  • University of the Punjab (B.S.)(M.S.)

    University of Liverpool (Ph.D.)

  • Awards:
  • Nobel Prize in Medicine (1968)

Har Gobind Khorana Biography

Har Gobind Khorana is an Indian born American biochemist who received Nobel Prize in medicine in 1968 together with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley. He researched on how the nucleotides in nucleic acids control the synthesis of proteins in cells. These nucleotides are the carriers of the genetic code of the cell. He was also awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in the same year.


He later in the year 1966 became the naturalized citizen of United States. He received the National Medal of Science. He is at present living in Cambridge in Massachusetts in United States and working as the Professor of Biology and Chemistry. He serves as the member of the Board of Scientific Governors at The Scripps Research Institute.


He was born on 9th January 1922 in Raipur in Punjab. His father was a government officer at that time. His father taught him at home and then he attended D. A. V. Multan High School. He finished his B. Sc. in Punjab University at Lahore in 1943 and M. Sc from the same university in 1945. He studied at the University of Liverpool in 1945. He gained his doctorate degree in 1948 and then continued his postdoctoral studies in Zurich.


He went to the University of British Columbia in Vancouver in 1952 and in 1960 he went to University of Wisconsin-Madison. He became the Alfred Sloan Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and worked there until his retirement in 2007. He married Esther Elizabeth Sibler in 1952. They have three children, Julia Elizabeth, Emily Anne and Dave Roy.


He with his team mates made his Nobel lecture on 12th December 1968. He synthesized oligonucleotides, the strings of nucleotides and this gave him the Nobel Prize. He also studied the biochemistry of membrane protein bateriorhodopsin and the structural related visual pigment rhodopsin. 

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Updated: December 26, 2015

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