Dorabji Tata

Dorabji Tata

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Category: Business

Dorabji Tata Profile

  • Name:
  • Dorabji Tata
  • Born:
  • August 27, 1859
  • Died:
  • June 3, 1932
  • Father:
  • Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata
  • Mother:
  • Hirabai
  • Spouse:
  • Meherbai

Dorabji Tata Biography

Dorabji Tata was an Indian businessman, and a key figure in the history and development of the Tata Group. For his contributions to India’s industrial development, Dorabji Tata was knighted in January 1910 by Edward VII thus becoming Sir Dorabji Tata. He was known by the names Dorab, or Sir Dorabji.


He was the elder son of Hirabai and Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, born on 27 August 1859 in Mumbai. He was born in a Parsi Zoroastrian family. He did his schooling at Proprietary High School, Mumbai. Later he did his future studies at England. He moved to England in 1875 where he was given private tuition by a tutor. He studied at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge and returned to Mumbai in 1879. Then he joined St. Xavier's College, Bombay and took a degree in the year 1882. After working a couple of years in Bombay Gazette newspaper as a journalist, he joined his father’s firm in cotton business division. He was sent to several places across to India to have a detailed study about cotton. He married Meherbai in the year 1897.


His father dreamt about modern iron and steel industry and it became Dorabji’s duty to fulfill his father’s desires. He noticed the need of hydroelectric electricity to power the industry and established conglomerates Tata Steel in 1907 and Tata Power in 1911. These two companies later formed the core of TATA Empire. He used to personally accompany mineralogists which acted as a catalyst and boost for its employees. Three cotton mills and the Taj Hotel Bombay later developed under Dorabji’s management and he has been instrumental in developing TATA as the biggest steel industry in the country. He founded New India Assurance Co Ltd. in 1919, the largest General Insurance company in India. He was interested in sports also and has served as President of the Indian Olympic Association. He established Lady Tata Memorial Trust in memory of his wife to research on blood cancer.

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Updated: February 25, 2014

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