Ardeshar Khabardar

Ardeshar Khabardar

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Category: Literature

Ardeshar Khabardar Profile

  • Name:
  • Ardeshar Khabardar
  • Born:
  • November 6, 1881
  • Died:
  • July 30, 1953
  • Born / Home Town:
  • Daman

Ardeshar Khabardar Biography

Ardeshar Khabardar was a Gujarati language poet who wrote under the pen name Adal. His full name is Ardeshar Faramji Khabardar, also spelled Ardeshir Pharamji Khabardar. A businessman turned poet, he wrote under several pen names, chiefly under Adal. Known for different style of poetry writing, he has authored more than 40 books. His poetry include devotional songs and patriotic songs also.


Born into a Parsi family, he has also written sonnets about Zoroastrianism. The Silken Tassel (1918) is his only English language poetry collection. He authored Gandhi Bapu (1948) - a list of thirty-one songs dedicated to Gandhi. He served as the President of Gujarati Sahitya Parishad in 1941. His Gujarati poem, Jya Jya Vase Ek Gujarati, Tya Tya Sadakal Gujarat is still popular among Gujaratis and the song describes the cultural life and ethnic pride of Gujarat.


Ardeshar was born in a Parsi family in Daman, Portuguese India on 6 November 1881. His childhood was spent at his hometown where he completed his school education. Later he completed matriculation from New Bharda High school, Mumbai. Then he moved to Chennai where he started a small business in motorcycle accessories in 1909. He started his career as a poet and wrote under various pen names like Motalal, Adal etc. Apart from two books in Gujarati, he authored two books in English including one poetry collection.


Known for adopting modern Gujarati instead of Parsi Gujarati, he is one of the modern poets of Gujarati literature in the contemporary period. He published his first poetry collection Kavyarasika in 1901. Vilasika (1905), Prakashika (1908), Bharat no Tankar (1909) and Rashtrika (1940) are other noted poetry collections. He also wrote patriotic poems. Manuraj – a play was his last work which left unfinished and not published yet.

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Updated: March 06, 2016

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