Appu Nedungadi

Appu Nedungadi

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Category: Literature

Appu Nedungadi Profile

  • Name:
  • Appu Nedungadi
  • Born:
  • October 11, 1963
  • Spouse:
  • Meenakshi Amma Vallillath Madhathil

Appu Nedungadi Biography

Appu Nedungadi is the author of first Malayalam novel – Kundalatha, published in 1887. Indulekha – the second novel in Malayalam was authored and published by O. Chandu Menon in 1889, two years later Kundalatha was published. Indulekha – is the first full-fledged novel of the language, which is credited to be the first fiction work. Kundalatha and Indulekha, both published in the late 1800s in the same decades are regarded as the landmark works of Malayalam, which started a new style of writing in Malayalam. A journalist and banker, he set up the first commercial private sector bank in Kozhikode, his hometown.


Rao Bahadur Thalakodi Madathil Appu Nedungadi, also referred to as T. M. Appu Nedungadi was born in Kozhikode of Kerala on October 11, 1863. He was married to Meenakshi Amma Vallillath Madhathil. The couple had 10 kids including Madhaviamma, Ganga, Subhadra, Parukutty amma, Yamuna and 5 others. Appu Nedungadi had three siblings – one brother and two sisters. A businessman he established Nedungadi Bank in 1899. This bank is the oldest private sector commercial bank in Kozhikode and also in South india. The bank was incorporated in 1913. Over time, Nedungadi established 174 branches across India. In 2003 it was taken over by Punjab National Bank, after 90 long years of functioning.


Published two years later, Indulekha became more popular than Kundalatha. Kundalatha was regarded as a much inferior to Indulekha, which has got all the qualities of a good novel. In fact Kundalatha lacked many qualities of a full-fledged novel. A noted journalist and publisher, he started literary publications Kerala Pathrika, Kerala Sanchari and Vidya Vinodini. Thus he played a significant role in the promotion of Malayalam language and literature in the pre-independent period. He passed away in 1933.

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Updated: March 12, 2016

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