Jammu And Kashmir


Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India spreading over an area of 222,236 square kilometers. It has two capitals, Srinagar and Jammu, Srinagar being the summer capital and Jammu being the winter capital. The state has three divisions, Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. The ten districts Kathua, Jammu, Samba, Udhampur, Reasi, Rajouri, Poonch, Doda, Ramban and Kishtwar come under the Jammu region, the ten districts Anantnag, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian, Budgam, Srinagar, Ganderbal, Bandipora, Baramulla and Kumpwara come under the Kashmir Valley region and Kargil district and Leh district come under the Ladakh region.


The population of Jammu and Kashmir is 12,548,926 according to the 2011 census with a density of 56.5 people per square kilometers. The literacy rate of the state is 66.7%. Urdu, Dogri and Kashmiri are the official languages of Jammu and Kashmir. 67% of people in the state are Muslims. This is the only state in India that has its own flag and separate constitution. The article 370 has given special autonomy to this region. People of other parts of India cannot purchase land here.


The sericulture, horticulture and cold water fishing are flourishing here. The tree called Kashmir willow gives good quality timber used to make cricket bats. The major agricultural products of this region are apples, corn, oranges, pears, saffron, wheat and barley. High quality sapphire mines are located in Doda district. The GDP of the state in 2006 is 539,850 million INR.


There are many valleys in Jammu and Kashmir namely Kashmir Valley, Chenab Valley, Sindh Valley, Lidder Valley and Poonch Valley. The Ladakh people live a Buddhist lifestyle with Indo-Tibetan culture. Because of its climate and beauty that is uninhibited by the atmospheric pollution the place is called as the heaven on earth. It is said that the Kashmiris are the most beautiful people in India.


The major tourist locations in this state are Gulmarg, Ladakh, Leh, Srinagar, Patnitop and Pahalgam. One can enjoy trekking, skiing and rafting in these places. Kashmir shawls are popular all over the world. Farming and cattle rearing are the important sources of income to the people.


The colleges and universities located in Jammu and Kashmir are Sher e Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Government College of Engineering and Technology, Government Medical College of Jammu, University of Jammu, University of Kashmir, Government Degree College Kathua, Baba Ghulam Shah Badhshah University, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, etc.


The state of Jammu and Kashmir is rich in flora and fauna. The trees that grow in abundance in this region are Chinar, deodar, pine, fir, walnut, almond, cider and willow. The animals and birds that are found in the dense forest are snow leopard, wolf, black bear, red bear, Ibex, chakor, patridge, pheasant, herons, doves, wagtails, goose and ducks. There are about 240 species of birds found in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir.


Though Jammu and Kashmir has lots of nature’s beauty in store, it is located in the border of Pakistan. There is a fear of terrorist movements and Pakistan forces here that have made many people think twice about entering this region. However there are many safe spots here where you can drink the beauty of nature to your heart’s content.

Article Posted By : SumazlalView All Articles

Suhaina Mazhar is a freelance content writer and blogger with five years experience in content writing. http://sumazla.blogspot.com is her blog.

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