Indian Independence Movement From 1900 To 1947

Colonization of India 

In the 19th Century, India was under the rule of the British Empire. Back then, the British was the ones who made all laws and policies in India, whereas the locals of the country had no voice in the policies that imposed. They had no choice but to obey the laws posted by the British government. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, who launched a movement for Muslim regeneration, proposed that the ways of Islam is parallel to the ways of the Western civilization. However, it seemed impossible for citizens to be united because of the difference in their beliefs.

Partition of Bengal

In the year 1905, the province of Bengal proposed to be separated to improve the management of the province by the government, because the population continued to grow. However, the nationals thought of this as a strategy by the British to divide the Hindus and Muslims. During the partition, there was a series of reforms and violence that occurred. There was a plan to transfer the capital of India from what was previously Calcutta, to New Delhi. The transfer ceremony that held in 1912 was the same day the Viceroy killed, known as the Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy.

Government of India Act

In the year 1919, an act called the Government of India Act initiated. The act made a national parliament for India, with two houses for their locals. In simple terms, the administration divided into two parts: a part administered by the British administrators, while the other part administered by the Indians. This type government known to be a diarchy. In the diarchy government, concerns regarding agriculture, local government, education, and health given to the Indians, whereas matters concerning the whole nation such as finance, taxes, and laws maintained by the British legislators.

The Time of Gandhi

Gandhi was a well-known leader in South Africa. Although he considered being a stranger in India, he has views on how the government setup should be for the nation. Using his prominence, he convinced his followers to protest and make a movement without using violence. Instead of using harsh ways to let their voices be heard, they had a “strike”, wherein they stopped doing their work and paying their taxes. Gandhi made his own salt broke the law, wherein it stated that only the government could make salt, which signaled the start of his second civil disobedience campaign.

Independence of India

On June 3, 1947, it declared that the British Indian Empire would be separated into two: India and Pakistan. The Indian Independence Act signed in 1947 and on August 15, 1947, India announced as an independent nation. This was when Pakistan and India separated into two different and independent nations, resulting in Hindu and Muslim clashes.

The history of India is rich and phenomenal. With the struggles of the Indians to achieve their rights as the people of their own nation, they did everything that they can to bring justice and gain independence for their country.

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Keywords :
British , Independence , India , Pakistan , Gandhi


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